Composting Toilet Installation And The Water Shortage

Cost of Installing a Bathroom Suite

Installing a new bathroom suite is one of the major investments a homeowner has to make at least once over the ownership of a property.

The costs can vary, depending on whether you decide to do the work yourself or engage the services of a specialist bathroom fitter. The skill set you will need to possess is extensive, from electrics to plumbing, painting and decorating. This article will provide you with some guidance on how much it will cost to fit a new bathroom.

DIY or Professional Bathroom Installation?

As mentioned earlier, one of the first decisions you need to make when it comes to a bathroom upgrade is whether you will do the job yourself, or appoint an expert. Unless you are an accomplished plumber, tiler, electrician and painter all rolled into one, finding an expert is the most cost and time effective way to go. When it comes to costs and a DIY approach, you may be able to control the cost of the individual items such as sink, toilet, bath or shower. However, the quality of the installation may not be as perfect because of the lack of required expertise.

Factors Affecting The Overall Cost of Bathroom Installation

Once you have decided to go down the professional installation route, the next step is to have an understanding of how much each component of a bathroom installation costs. This will permit you to compare prices on a like for like basis.

Electrical Work

Depending on how old your current bathroom is, you may be looking to upgrade the lighting to led spotlights, both for their nice look and lower running costs. Other electrical work may include installing a hand dryer, shaving socket, extractor fan and power shower. Typical costs can be around the mark depending on other variables.

Brilliant Toilet Products That Will Improve Your Bathroom Life

Humans are a funny thing. People spend half of their effort trying to reconnect with their humanity, and the other half trying to cover up the natural functions that literally everyone has. Well, I’m not afraid to talk about brilliant products and accessories for your toilet that practically make it your throne, nor the essential functions that go on in it. Just like essential bacteria and the act of sweating, going to the toilet isn’t always considered ‘polite’ table talk. But it’s a necessary part of the body, and in my opinion, it’s high time people got comfortable with it

In fact, back when I was taking nutrition classes, excrement was a topic that came up in pretty much 15-minute intervals. Anyone who’s ever been a natural health practitioner knows it’s the second thing you seem to disclose about yourself after your own name. It’s estimated that we spend almost 92 days in the bathroom over the span of our lifetimes, and it’s also been asserted that you can tell a whole lot about your health solely by looking at your poop. Consequently, it’s time to get really comfortable in your bathroom, and these innovative toilet accessories can make things easier, more convenient, and significantly more enjoyable.

This innovative spray called Poo-Pourri Before-You-Go is made of essential oils, and its purpose is to create a smell-proof barrier on the surface of the water, in order to trap any and all smells in the bowl. Simply spritz the bowl before you go, do your thing, and flush away, leaving no indication that anything ever happened. It’s also travel-friendly for storage in your pocketbook. “A must have at the office,” says one reviewer. “This has taken the fear out of walking out of the bathroom and running into the person WAITING to go next!”

Recently, there’s been tons of talk about how squatting while on the toilet is a much more natural and effective way to go, because it “[opens] the colon,” making “elimination faster, more complete, and [less] straining.” The Squatty Potty is a convenient little stool that lifts your legs up to the position, so you can lessen constipation and improve elimination. It comes in two sizes and fits any standard toilet.

If you’re a midnight pee-er, this toilet bowl night light is going to save your retinas on a nightly basis. It’s motion activated and light sensitive, so it only turns on in a dark room when there’s somebody there, and it lights up 16 bright colors to give your bathroom a little style.

Bathroom Fitting

What order does everything happen in a bathroom refit?

I have a small ‘L’ shaped bathroom which I want to replace, as well as moving a stud wall back by about a foot to square off the room. I’m having a nightmare figuring out what order to do everything in so I can find the relevant tradesmen. Also, it’s our only bathroom so I want it to be out of use for as short a time as possible. It just seems like I need half a dozen different people which makes things very confusing for such a tiny room!

The jobs to do are:

– Remove tiles

– remove bathroom suite

– Replace window in external wall

– Install ventilation fan in external wall

– Move internal stud wall

– Plaster everything

– Install new suite

– Tile

– Install lights

if you are going to employ people to carry out the above I would put the job up on my builder you will find a tradesman probably a builder who will organise and employ the different trades you will deal with one person pay one person get your guarantee from him the whole job will be carried out in far less time he will come with some previous work and be rated by other my builder customers but all the same do not pay all the money over until you are satisfied with the finished job.

Take the whole bathroom out including removal of all the tiles, wall paper etc. Inspect your walls and take a decision as to whether they can be tiled over. If you are to fully tile your bathroom you wont need to have the room plastered or skimmed, you will only need to dry line (dot and dab) the walls. PVA the plaster boards prior to tiling. First fix all the plumbing and electrics, ply line the floor (PVA this also) . Tile as much of the bathroom as you can before you install any of the product, then install the bath and shower tray and tile down too these. Grout the bathroom and then second fix the rest of the products, ie shower valve and radiator etc. Clean down and when the bathroom has fully dried out apply a very good quality silicone sealant (everbuild forever white). I would advise you to hire a bathroom installation company rather than individual tradesman as there will be someone in charge of the fit and would make sure the install went in correctly.

make life easier for yourself and employ a bathroom fitter like myself. Plenty on this site in all areas. Just click on bathroom fitting.

Note:You should have a compliance certificate for electrical work carried out in the bathroom so be aware you should get one.

Installing Your Nature’s Head Composting Toilet

for My Tiny House installation?

If you are using 110 volt house power, you will need our wall transformer. If using 12 volt, batteries and or solar, the toilet comes with the necessary parts. Our PVC vent assembly is an easy way to vent through the wall or floor.

for My RV installation?

The toilet comes with the 12 volt parts needed. Only if using 110, house power you will need our wall transformer to plug into an outlet to power the fan. The mushroom vent is an easy way to vent through the side or roof. The PVC vent is good for through the floor venting.You may already have an existing vent to connect to.

for My Cabin installation?

The toilet comes with everything for a 12 volt system. If using 110, house power you will need our wall transformer to plug into an outlet to power the fan.The PVC vent is a good way to vent through the wall or the floor on a raised cabin.

for My boat installation?

The toilet comes with the 12 volt parts needed. The venting, you can use the mushroom vent for cabin side or roof. It can also be used over an old pump out fitting hole.

Hose Length

Some installations may require increased hose lengths which may be purchased on a per foot basis. PVC pipe, which may be obtained at most home improvement or hardware stores, may also be substituted for longer hose sections.

Squeeze an extra washroom into your extension, conversion or garden room for added versatility

Whether it’s to ease the morning rush for the bathroom, prevent you having to traipse up flights of stairs, or simply for use when guests come to stay, an extra loo is always a useful addition. However, installing a new macerator toilet can sometimes be less straightforward than replacing an existing one. Fortunately, there are a few options for making your new convenience more convenient.

How to plan your plumbing

The ideal location for any additional loo is above or below an existing bathroom, so that it can connect to existing pipework and the soil and vent stack. However, if it’s further away, one option is to add a new soil and vent stack either inside or outside your home, which works as long as there’s a sewer that it can flow into.

What are the pros and cons of a macerator toilet?

Macerators create more noise than standard plumbing and can be prone to blockages from anything other than toilet tissue, but the great thing about them is that they enable you to install a loo almost anywhere you fancy. Installing a macerator pump is also cheaper and easier than extending your existing sewage system. Plus, they are a safe, hygienic means of waste disposal.

How to get planning permission

Adding a loo to your extension or conversion will rarely require Planning Permission unless your home is a listed building, but Building Regulations will apply to plumbing, drainage and ventilation.

How to budget for the garden

Any new pipework should be buried in your garden or insulated, so it doesn’t freeze. You may be able to link to an existing soil drain or septic tank. A sewage pumping station with a macerator can also be used to remove waste – but you’ll need to add electricity to power this. Allow £2,000-£6,000 to add a loo to a garden room. A ‘dry’ eco toilet can be a more affordable option but requires maintenance.

What Are Epoxy Flooring Coat

Garage Flooring Options – Top 5 Recommended Options

A person hardly recognizes the flooring importance for garages. The flooring of garage generally undergoes high pressure due to the heavy vehicle movements. The floors get stained easily making the entire surroundings look unattractive. Planning for garage flooring is as important as planning flooring for your home. You can utilize garage as another room in your home. Not all flooring options available in the market are suitable for garages. Resilient, hard, and durable flooring that can withstand any weather and resistant to stains is recommended for garages as flooring options.

Top 5 Recommended Flooring Options For Garages

1. Polished Concrete Flooring – The Best of All

Polished concrete flooring is the best option for garages. Concrete flooring is generally hard and resilient. They can perform under high pressure without any wear and tear. Concrete floors are less priced and are easily available for customers with low budgets. Polished concrete surfaces look graceful and elegant that compliments the entire semblance. Polished concrete finishes are generally stain-resistant and easy to clean making it the best option for garage flooring.

2. Epoxy Flooring – The Smart and Feasible Option

Epoxy flooring is quite feasible and a smart choice for existing flooring. Epoxy is a tough and long-lasting coating that can be used on any flooring. It can be used on concrete floors; stone floors any floor to increase its performance and durability of your garage floor. Epoxy flooring is available in many attractive colors and can be cleaned easily. Before trying to go for epoxy make sure your subfloors are resistant to moisture and no dampness is observed. Epoxy is not suitable for the floors that absorb moisture.

3. Rubber Tile Flooring – Easy to Install or DIY Option

Rubber tiles are available like flexible mats and tiles. This type of flooring can be easily installed and is a good option for DIYers. Rubber floor tiles are flexible and come in attractive interlocking patterns to provide extra strength and stability to the floors. These are mostly available in the dimensions of 12×12 inches or 24×24 inches. Rubber tile flooring requires less maintenance and can be cleaned easily. The most feasible option at a reasonable price is rubber tiles. They can withstand any climatic conditions. These floors can be installed on any sub-floors especially concrete floors.

4. Vinyl Flooring – For Low Traffic Garages

Selecting vinyl flooring for garages is not at all a wrong choice. If your garage doesn’t face much traffic and heavy pressure then enhanced Urethane coated vinyl tile flooring is the best option. These tiles are flexible and comfortable. You can enhance a unique look to your garage by picking the multiple color shades and attractive vinyl composite tile flooring available in the market. Vinyl flooring requires very little upkeep and cleaning is extremely easy and comfortable with the cleaning agents available at home.

5. Stone Flooring – Excellent but Expensive Option

Stone flooring like sandstone, graphite, and flagstone are excellent choices for garages but are a bit expensive. Stone flooring is extremely cold in winters hence considering your budget and local climatic conditions are vital before going for stone flooring for your garage. Stone flooring is resilient and extremely hard and available in eye-catchy designs and pleasant colors.

Preparing Your Garage

If you’ve gone through the list above and decided epoxy is still a good option, you need to pick a warm, dry day to apply the coating; the temperature should fall between 60 and 90 degrees.

First, empty your garage. The entire floor should be cleared before you begin. This project could last up to five days, so you may need to rent a storage facility for your items temporarily. If you’re having a professional apply the covering, they may provide a storage unit for you.

Next, you’ll need to thoroughly clean the floor. Scrub and remove stains and debris using a concrete cleaner/degreaser, then vacuum it all up so the product doesn’t flow into the sewers. After vacuuming as best as you can, use a hose to spray out your garage and driveway. Then, sprinkle the floor with an acid/water solution, ensuring to carefully follow all safety precautions, and scrub the floor again. Rinse with water, flush, and squeegee, then let the floor dry overnight. When you come back to it the next day, it should be white.

Can Epoxy Flooring Be Used Outside?

I’m sure you’ve heard of epoxy flooring, but perhaps you thought it could only be applied to indoor flooring, like garages, retail stores, and showrooms. Maybe you have asked yourself, “Can epoxy flooring be used outside?” The answer is YES. Epoxy floor coatings are great options for outdoor spaces because of its durability and ability to withstand the outdoor elements.

When deciding on outdoor flooring you should consider epoxy flooring because it offers a safe, attractive, and low-maintenance option for your outdoor space. It is easier to clean than concrete alone and can be easily cleaned with a bucket of warm soapy water and a mop, or even a hose can sometimes do the job!

Epoxy Floor Coatings Outdoors

There are numerous benefits to choosing to apply epoxy floor coatings outdoors but it is oftentimes best to hire a professional for proper installation. If the job is not done right the first time additional applications may be required.

Epoxy flooring makes an excellent option for your outdoor concrete walkway and is even a great choice for your pool deck. Chief benefits of applying epoxy floor coatings outdoors are:

  • Durability
  • Curb appeal
  • Impenetrable and seamless
  • Textured surface and safe

You will not regret choosing epoxy flooring for your outdoor space, it offers a clean and attractive look with many advantages. You can even choose from different custom designs and color options to make it completely your own. With so much versatility and benefits you will be happy that you chose to install an epoxy floor coating outdoors!

What Are Epoxy Countertops?

Epoxy is primarily used as a refinishing product. Applying a coating of this material can help restore or revitalize old, worn, or out-of-style bathroom countertops, kitchen countertops, and floors.

So, you can’t really go out and buy pre-made epoxy countertops or slabs like granite, quartz, marble, or laminate countertops. They must be made in place.

Although, interesting to note… Corian is a resin-based countertop material, and epoxy is considered a solid-surface countertop as well.

It’s a popular choice for refinishing due to the durability of the epoxy resin. It can resist scratches and provide years of use before the surface dulls. It can also tolerate most cleaning materials without losing its luster.

You can apply epoxy over most countertop materials, including:

  • Formica
  • Laminate
  • Ceramic
  • Metal
  • Wood
  • Concrete

Are Epoxy Floors Slippery? Are They Safe?

Epoxy flooring is a rapidly growing trend for homeowners, who appreciate its attractive appearance and easy-to-clean finish. It looks much finer than bare concrete, and it holds up far better than paint. Additionally, it has excellent stain and abrasion resistance, and it can cover up cracks and defects in the surface of the floor. With all the talk of epoxy floors going on, homeowners want to know: are epoxy floors slippery?

Any high-gloss surface is bound to be slippery when wet, including epoxy floors. This may not matter in a basement or workshop, if water is not likely to be on the floor regularly. It also is fine for garages in Arizona and southern California. Here in New Jersey, however, rain and snow get tracked in, and in the wintertime, snow melts off your car and onto the garage floor, creating a slipping hazard.

Fortunately, there is a solution to the problem. Epoxy floors can be laid down with anti-skid additives, including silica sand, pumice, colored quartz, or polymer grit. There is a tradeoff involved, because the added grit will detract from the high-gloss “showroom finish” that many enthusiasts are seeking. If you are thinking about installing an epoxy floor in your home, talk to a knowledgeable contractor first.

Metal Roof Estimate

Metal Roofs Are a Smart Choice

Asphalt shingles have long been the most popular roofing material for homes, but metal roofs are becoming an increasingly popular option—and for good reason.

Though they are often initially more expensive, metal roofs can withstand harsh weather conditions better than any other type of roof. They have the highest wind resistance rating of any roofing material, do not absorb water or moisture, and will not crack and peel under the sun’s harmful rays, making them an excellent investment for homeowners

In the past, many homeowners have been resistant to metal roofing because they prefer the look of asphalt shingles or other traditional roofing materials compared to the rather stark appearance of standing seam metal roofs. Today, however, metal roof systems come in all shapes and sizes, from the traditional standing seam roofs to stone-coated interlocking metal shingles that look just like traditional wood shake, tile or asphalt shingles. Homeowners no longer have to sacrifice style to have the benefits of a metal roofing system.

Better investment

Many homeowners balk at the cost of metal roofing, which is typically two to three times more expensive than shingle roofing, but that larger investment up front can pay off in a number of ways over time.

Metal roofing systems can last up to four times longer than traditional roofing materials. Most steel and aluminum metal roofing systems come with a 30- to 50-year warranty, and some materials, such as copper, can last up to 100 years, saving homeowners the cost and trouble of having to ever replace their roof. Because of their durability, metal roofs also require less maintenance and fewer repairs.

The Metal Roofing Advantages

Metal roofing is easier to install. A professional roofing contractor should always be used on the job to prevent injury and to get the roofing job done in a timely manner. Metal roofing arrives in sections and snaps together much like a puzzle.

The roofs are resistant to fire, insects, mildew, and rot. A metal roof can be very beneficial when installed by a professional. A majority of companies guarantee their roofs for up to 50 years or more. They pay for themselves over time

Metal is a lighter roofing material than conventional asphalt roofs. Metal roofs are very lightweight. Due to the roof being lighter in weight, it is possible to apply a new roof over the existing metal roof as opposed to taking down the old roofing membrane.

The reason why a metal roof sells so quickly is due to the fire-resistance. Steel-roofing tends to be non-combustible. This is why it is given a Class-A rating. This is the highest rank that a roof can achieve. Fire safety is essential when looking for a new roof type

Reflecting radiant heat from the sun is another reason why metal roofs are ever so popular. This minimizes heat gain and drastically cuts down on heating and cooling costs as well as directly affecting the environment in a positive way.

Things to Know About Metal Roofing

In terms of the use of metal roofing systems, is actually quite a popular location for these installations. Sometimes the weather can be rather unpredictable and that can mean horrible winds, damaging hail, and massive ice storms, all of which are quite damaging to roof systems. Metal roofing systems, though, offer a stability and durability that does not come from other types of roofing systems and therefore can stand up to the wild Midwest weather conditions.

Metal Roofing Prices

Metal roofing prices are perhaps the most important aspect. Most people have some type of budget they must follow when installing a new roof. Metal roofing prices, though, can vary greatly. They are dependent upon the type of metal used and the current price of metal. It is important for a consumer to keep this in mind because a quote they get one month may not be the same the next month. The different materials used vary. The types of metal used in a metal roofing system

How is a Metal Roof Installed?

Installation of a metal roofing system is more complex then the typical roofing system installation. It requires special skills and knowledge because the process is far more involved than typical roofing installation. You should make sure the contractor you hire is proficient in installing metal roofing. Installation costs, therefore, are going to be much higher than with other types of roofing

The most popular choices in metal for roofing are aluminum, stainless steel, and copper. The least expensive is galvalume aluminum and the most expensive would be copper. However, any kind of metal roofing system is going to be more durable than other types of roofing and offer the same basic protection. However, stronger metals will last longer simply due to their strength. Most are protected against rusting and corrosion, though.

The Perks of a Metal Roof

The perks of a metal roof system are the main reason people choose to spend out more money for them. A metal roofing system is far less maintenance and lasts far longer than the types of roofing. Metal roofing also helps to cut heating bills because it works as an insulator to keep the home warm or cool and keep the outside air out. Lastly, a metal roof will greatly increase the value of a home. It is a wise investment on many levels.

Metal Roofing Services

When it comes to roofing, people often wonder which type is the best type for their home. We’re not in the habit of recommending one type of roof for all homes – we find that each home has different needs and there are different variables at play – but metal roofing can be a great option.

Benefits of Metal Roofs

Metal roofs offer many benefits to a home, especially if they are reflective. A reflective metal roof can save your home about 40% in cooling energy costs during the summer months, something that is important to dealing with the sun and heat. They can also reduce urban air temperatures by as much as 12 degrees Fahrenheit.

A metal roof saves energy based on its variety of finishes. A regular and unpainted metal roof can reflect much of the solar radiation absorbed in your attic and home better than an asphalt roof can. If you pre-paint or granular coat your metal roof – this is suggested in warmer climates such

Reducing Energy Consumption With Recyclable Metal Roofing

A highly reflective metal roof can reduce energy consumption and re-emit up to 90% of the absorbed solar radiation. The metal roof can also be installed over an asphalt roof, which reduces landfill waste and promotes quick installation. It also provides extra insulation to your home. A big bonus with metal roofing is that you can get decades of maintenance-free usage from them.

Use Lighter Colors When Painting Your Metal Roof

Since dark colors absorb more solar radiation than light ones, it’s recommended that you paint your metal roof a light color. Switching to a white or light-colored metal roof can reduce energy spending up to 20 percent and makes your home naturally about 50 or 60 degrees cooler than a more conventional dark-colored roof would.

Metal roof

A metal roof is a roofing system made from metal pieces or tiles characterized by its high resistance, impermeability and longevity. It is a component of the building envelope. Zinc, copper and steel alloys are commonly used.


Copper has played a significant role in architecture for thousands of years (see: copper in architecture). In the 3rd century B.C., copper roof shingles were installed atop the Lovamahapaya Temple in Sri Lanka. The Romans used copper as roof covering for the Pantheon in 27 B.C. Centuries later, copper and its alloys were integral in European medieval architecture. The copper roof of St. Mary’s Cathedral, Hildesheim, installed in 1280 A.D., survived until its destruction during bombings in World War II. The roof at Kronborg, one of northern Europe’s most important Renaissance castles (immortalized as Elsinore Castle in Shakespeare’s Hamlet) was installed in 1585 A.D. The copper on the tower was renovated in 2009


Metal roofs can last up to 100 years, with installers providing 50 year warranties. Because of their longevity, most metal roofs are less expensive than asphalt shingles in the long term

Metal roofing can consist of a high percentage of recycled material and is 100% recyclable. It does not get as hot as asphalt, a common roofing material, and it reflects heat away from the building underneath in summertime. On a larger scale, its use reduces the heat island effect of cities when compared to asphalt. Coupled with its better insulating abilities, metal roofs can offer not only a 40% reduction in energy costs in the summer, but also up to a 15% reduction in the energy costs in the winter according to a 2008 Study by Oak Ridge National Laboratory. This finding is based on the use of a strapping system of four inches between the plywood and “cool-color” metal on top, which provides an air gap between the plywood roof sheathing and the metal. Cool-color metals are light, reflective colors, like white. The study went on to say that re-sealing and insulating air ducts in the attic will save even more money


The disadvantages of metal roofs include the noise created from rain hitting the roof, large hail may leave dents, and, in snowy areas, the tendency of snow to easily fall off the roof and onto pedestrians or property.

Advantage Of Using A Mosquitos Net

How to Protect Pets from Mosquitoes

Mosquitoes and pets do not mix. Your pets are not immune to mosquito bites – they can suffer as much as you do. But when it comes to mosquito bites, pets face some risks that humans don’t. The biggest threat pets face from mosquito bites is heartworm, a potentially deadly infection. Knowing how to protect pets from mosquitoes is not just about comfort, it’s about the health of your furry friend.

Why Mosquitoes Bite

Mosquitoes generally feed on plant nectar, which is very short of protein! Female mosquitoes need protein for to develop their eggs, which they get from the blood meals they take. The blood is not food source and the mosquitoes get no nutrition from it. That’s why only females bite – the males live on nectar.

There are over 3,500 described species of mosquito, and there may be more that have not yet been cataloged by science. With so many types of mosquitoes, it is not surprising that their biting habits vary widely. There are mosquito species that attack almost every type of creature. Many mosquitoes go after mammals, but other go after birds, reptiles, and even some fish.

Unfortunately, the most common mosquitoes in the United States are all mammal-seekers. That includes humans and their pets. Mosquitoes will suck the blood of any warm-blooded animal – you, your dog, your cat, and even your horse. That’s why it’s important to keep your pets in mind with your mosquito control system.

How to Keep Pets Safe

Mosquitoes can be more than just an annoyance for your pets. Here are some mosquito control tips on how to protect pets from bites.

Keep Pets Indoors: Mosquitoes are most active early in the morning, just as the sun is rising and from dusk into the evening. They don’t like it sunny, and prefer it slightly dark and with low wind. If possible, keep your pets indoors early in the morning and from dusk onwards. Alternatively, put them in an enclosure fitted with a screen, such as show to the right.

Keep Away From Swarms: Mosquito control 101 is to keep pets away from areas where mosquitoes tend to swarm. Most people know where these areas are around their neighborhood, but, when walking your dog, look for still ponds and marshes, standing puddles and anywhere else known to be bad for mosquito bites. Your pets suffer just as much as you do!

Basic Mosquito Control: Mr. Mister has written many times about Atlanta mosquito control on this blog. Basic mosquito control involves clearing away any containers that can hold standing water: cans, pails, old tires, blocked gutters and the area around drains and downpipes. By taking these simple actions you can protect yourself, your family and your pets from being bitten.

Water Butts and Wet Lawns: Water butts are a dream for many mosquitoes, so include them in your mosquito control program. Cover them in fine mesh to prevent mosquitoes getting in and laying eggs on the water surface. Damp lawns, that are not spiked to allow rainwater to drain away, can also harbor mosquitoes and their eggs. Your cat or dog can get bitten when these eggs develop into larvae and then adults. Spike lawns to allow standing water to drain away.

What mosquito and fly repellents should be avoided in dogs?

Popular repellents for people who spend time outdoors contain DEET, a highly effective chemical that repels biting pests, such as mosquitoes, flies, and ticks. While this ingredient works well for people, it can be toxic for pets, especially in high concentrations. If you use a product containing DEET on your dog, you may notice the following signs:

  • Ocular exposure can lead to conjunctivitis, blepharospasm, squinting, tearing, lethargy, scleritis, and corneal ulcers.
  • Inhalation exposure can cause airway inflammation and difficulty breathing.
  • Gastrointestinal issues, such as vomiting, diarrhea, and inappetence, are common with any form of DEET exposure.
  • With exposure to a high-concentration DEET product, you may notice ataxia, disorientation, tremors, and seizures.

Many pets attempt to groom strange substances off their skin and fur, which commonly leads to a DEET toxicity, but poisoning can still occur through inhalation or accidentally spraying a product in the eyes.

Never use DEET products on your pet

Never use a product on your pet that isn’t intended for them. According to the ASPCA, both dogs and cats are sensitive to DEET. Using it could cause neurological problems, such as tremors, seizures, or even death. There are pet-safe mosquito repellent products at your local pet supply store. You should also check with your veterinarian for recommendation on such products.

Be careful with essential oils

Essential oils serve as natural remedies for all sorts of ailments, including bug repellents. Lemon eucalyptus spray is gaining popularity as an alternative mosquito repellent for humans and has shown to have longer-lasting effects than DEET-based sprays. Before you use any essential oil on your furry best friend, check with your veterinarian that it’s safe. Cats are especially sensitive to essential oils, causing upset stomachs, central nervous system depression, and even liver damage — tea tree oil is especially toxic.

There are ways to use essentials oils without putting them directly on your pet, such as putting a dab of oil on their collar or using a collar attachment that doubles as an oil diffuser.


Pets have some natural protection against mosquitoes thanks to fur, but your dog’s or cat’s ears and nose are still exposed. Because dogs spend more time outside, they have a greater exposure time to being bitten by mosquitoes. They experience the same irritating itch humans feel from a bite, but mosquitoes also can carry harmful parasites and diseases. That’s why mosquito control for pets is so important.

Heartworm Disease

Heartworm disease is the greatest concern when it comes to mosquitoes biting your dog or cat. This disease is caused by a tiny worm that lives in animals’ hearts and veins. Heartworm disease spreads when a mosquito bites an infected animal and then bites a second animal. Heartworm offspring can be carried from one creature to the next. Once inside your cat or dog, it can grow to a foot long.

Other Illnesses Carried By Mosquitoes

Mosquitoes carry other diseases, including West Nile Virus, Eastern Equine Encephalitis and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. While these diseases can be deadly, they are rare in cats and dogs. It is unlikely that most pet owners will need to identify symptoms for these diseases, as cases are not found that often. Despite the rarity, it’s important to take whatever steps you can to protect your pet.

Mosquito Feeding Facts

Mosquitoes suck. It’s not just the buzzing and the biting that can annoy you and your pet; it’s the bloodsucking. By piercing the skin and drinking directly from a blood vessel, mosquitoes are serious about invading personal space. And they bring serious consequences that can compromise your dog’s health and happiness.

1. Mosquitoes transmit diseases.

The biggest danger posed by mosquito bites is not blood loss nor discomfort: it’s disease. When a female mosquito injects her saliva into her host and begins drinking blood, she may share organisms and illnesses picked up during a prior blood meal. For pets, the major concern is heartworms. In fact, the only way heartworms can infect your dog is through a mosquito carrier. Year-round prevention of heartworms can be vital to protecting your pet’s health.

2. Mosquitoes don’t die after they bite.

Unless you go after it yourself, a female mosquito will live to feed again and again. It is this repetitive feeding on different hosts at different times in her life that make mosquitoes perfect agents for spreading disease.

3. Mosquitoes thin their host’s blood with saliva.

Mosquitoes inject their own saliva into blood to make it easier to drink. It is this mosquito saliva that triggers an allergic reaction and may make you — and your pet — suffer from hives and itching.

4. It takes one to four minutes for a mosquito to get full.

During a blood meal, female mosquitoes will drink until almost uncomfortably full. And while she’ll discard other liquids to make extra room for the blood, she will still be so full that flight is difficult. This means her search for a place to lay her eggs may keep her close to your dog or you.

5. Dawn and dusk signal dinnertime.

Most mosquitoes prefer to rest during the heat of the day and look for blood meals during dawn or dusk. If your pet is an outdoor enthusiast during these times as well, their risk of mosquito bites — and subsequent disease transmission — increases. Keep your dog indoors during these more active feeding times if possible, and make prevention and protection part of your pet’s year-round wellness routine.

Why Hiring An Party Planner Is Necessary

Things to Consider When Planning a Great Birthday Party

So You Want to Throw a Birthday Party

The perfect party requires perfect planning! There are several things to consider when planning your party. Before you make out your guest list, before you buy your party decorations, take a minute to put your plan on paper (or computer screen). Pre-planning will save time, money, and your composure on the day of the party. Most importantly, have fun! This isn’t rocket science, and you won’t be graded on the results!

Birthday Guest of Honor

The guest of honor should of course be an important consideration, after all the party is for them! This concept can especially be lost on a young child where the party can turn into a party for the adults and not the child. Consider their age, likes and dislikes, personality and attention span. The type of party as well as the length of the party needs to be planned according to the guest of honor. A slumber party that lasts for several hours may be perfect for a teenager but highly inappropriate for a six year old. On the same note, an outgoing, social child may respond well to many guests and loud entertainment, while a shy child may prefer a small, intimate gathering.

Make a Party Budget

Don’t spend a single penny until you have considered your budget. You still have to feed your family after the party so plan accordingly. How much can you spend, how much do you want to spend or in my case how much will the hubby let you spend?

Choose a Birthday Party Theme

When planning your party be sure to take into consideration what your theme is; strive to have every detail relate to your theme. This will include invitations, decorations, and food. Consider asking your guests to dress a certain way for the party. When considering your theme do some brainstorming. If the party isn’t a surprise let the guest of honor choose a theme. For a child themes can come from a favorite cartoon character, toy or game while a theme for a teenager can come from a sport, pastime, favorite color or celebrity. A theme can even be adapted from a movie such as a pirate theme from the movie Pirates of the Caribbean. The possibilities are endless but to get your creativity started consider these themes — Tea Time for Little Girls, Luau, Treasure Island, Flashback to the 80’s, Everything Pink (or red, blue, etc), Black & White, Formal, PJ Party, Private Eye, the list goes on and on. If you are having trouble thinking of a theme visit one of the large party stores; each aisle is packed with theme ideas.

Available Venue

The availability of space for your party can dictate the number of guests, the theme of the party, entertainment and length of the party. If your budget permits, you have the option of renting space or holding your party at a restaurant or party venue. If you are on a tight budget and want to save money by having your party at your home, look at the possibilities around your home. Do you have adequate space outside or would you prefer to have an inside party? Do you have an area that will be safe for your guests as well as your furnishings; you don’t want to spend your time at the party running for the prized vase that is about to fall over.

Party Planning

Attending a party is one thing. Organizing it is quite another. The latter takes more than just ordering the food and preparing the venue.

Planning a party entails a multitude of responsibilities that the faint of heart may find difficult to handle, from choosing a theme, to deciding on the menu, to taking care of the decorations, and to ensuring that it is a party that everyone will remember.

If you’re someone who loves to plan and host parties for special events or you’re doing it for a living, then this article is perfect for you. Whether it’s for birthdays, weddings, baby showers, or anniversaries,

Baby Shower Ideas

Throwing an unforgettable party for the mom-to-be and her awaited bundle of joy does not come any easier with this ultimate baby-shower guide. Baby Shower Ideas will help you navigate the ins and outs of pulling off this occasion, from the irresistible decorations, unique cake ideas and invitations, to the classic baby shower games and favors. Introduce the new baby in style.

Birthday Party Ideas 4 U

If you’re planning a birthday party, you may as well go all-out. Celebrating yet another revolution around the sun should be done with flair, but not without its fair share of challenges. If you’re stuck in a rut and in need of fresh ideas to help you along, you’ll find an ally in Birthday Party Ideas 4 U.

Ways to Throw a Successful Party

Don’t Be Afraid to Invite a Circus

Be brave with your guest list, and mix as many generations, job disciplines, neighborhoods and incomes as you can rope in. Consider the idea that as a host, you’re suddenly in the business of serving people to one another. Culinary personality Nigella Lawson, of The Style Network cooking show Nigella Bites, says, “I like to have a few new friends, a few old friends and the grown-ups, if you know what I mean.” Pat Towers, O’s features director, who’s renowned for her parties, says she always has one wild card. “When there’s another aspect brought into the familiar, it gets people stimulated, puts them on their toes,” she says. “And then we see the best in each other and are reminded why we like one another so much.”

Upend the Party Formula

“People get hung up on trying to do things right, and they lose the point of a party, which is to have fun,” says Ilene Rosenzweig, coauthor with the fashion designer Cynthia Rowley of the witty decorating guide Home Swell Home (Atria). “Make something surprising happen. For a birthday party for my boyfriend, Rick, who loves macaroni and cheese, I ordered ten mac and cheeses from local restaurants. We voted on the best one.” Rosenzweig has other ideas on the subject: Play games. You might have a Ping-Pong tournament before dinner, or a round of Two Truths and a Lie afterward (make three statements, and everyone votes on which is the lie). Have a paper party—no china or glasses—and for placemats, use pages torn from a steamy novel.

Give Your Guests Something To Do

Most people like to play an active role at a party. You can harness this impulse to your advantage. “I like to put a group of my friends together; I call them my hospitality team,” says Bryan Rafanelli, an event planner in Boston. “I give them each someone to meet, to take care of. The bigger the party, the bigger the hospitality team.” Shier friends might like to pour drinks or clear plates.

The Music Matters

This is your party’s backbeat, so if your collection is less than stellar, why not ask your invitees to bring their own iPods or CDs? Hire a DJ or, says Rafanelli, just play these five albums over and over:

After the Playboy Mansion, by Dimitri from Paris (“Great pop, loungy and cool”)

Samba Soul 70! (“Cocktail, not totally authentic samba”)

Ultra Chilled 01 (“A great house-y feel, but sophisticated enough so that if you’re 55 you won’t be turned off”)

Waltz for Koop by Koop (“Remixed waltzes, which sounds dreadful, but it’s pretty cool”)

Verve Remixed (“Modern spin to jazz classics”).


Perhaps a Virtual party or Luxury Outdoor Party is perfect for you right now?

Don’t let COVID-19 stop the party! We can create exciting and inspiring bespoke virtual events that will bring your friends and family together, no matter where they might be in the world.

Alice in Wonderland Theme

A classic story theme wrapped in a bow of red, blue and white drapes, large rose trees, mad hatters glittery sign, jam tarts, playing cards, giant mushrooms, large clock and chain, sweets and cakes, Alice silhouette, giant red shoe seat.

70′s disco, 80′s retro, or 90′s pop theme

Everyone loves a good dress-up party so why not get everyone to come dressed in the fashion of the 1980s or as one of their favourite movie stars or celebrities of the decade. You could have your event management team put together a 80s-inspired playlist as well as some brightly-coloured mocktails for the guests to drink whilst dancing the night away to cheesey pop music! Leggings and ra-ra skirts at the ready! Pull out the wigs for a 70′s theme party, or even a 90′s UV party!

Arabian Nights Theme

Rich shades of red and luxurious gold cloth drapes, large palm trees, desert oasis, Bedouin tent booths, cushions, large pots and baskets, large lanterns, flying carpets, palace scenery.

Black and White Ball Theme

Black and white satin and voile cloth drapes with black and white feather masks, white Roman pillars, black and white glitter stars, white trees, black chandeliers, black and white feather hoops.

What are the essential qualities of any good event planner?

Would you like to start planning events? or maybe recruit an event planner? Whatever your interest in this career, you should know that it is a very specific job requiring a wide range of skills. We work with thousands of event planners and know exactly which assets help them accomplish great things. Here is a list of the 10 essential qualities that any good event planner should have.

Social intelligence

The first quality shared by successful event planners is their ability to work with all kinds of people: corporate managers, elected representatives, traders, colleagues, sponsors, customers, associations, suppliers, staff, participants, volunteers, etc. Successful collaboration with such a wide range of people requires the ability to skilfully resolve conflicts, negotiate confidently but respectfully, and adapt your sense of humour to that of others.


The days of an event planner are generally dictated by the constraints of the event, and not by “traditional” office hours. You may not even have an office at all. Event planners may have to travel often and work in unusual locations: temporary office, train, hotel

Listening skills

The ability to understand what your contacts expect from you and your event is crucial. They may not have both feet in the event industry and probably have difficulties interpreting your jargon or understanding whether their demands are realistic. You need to identify their needs and ensure that everyone shares the same expectations. Pay attention to what is said — and what is not said — during key discussions. Integrating these expressed — or underlying — needs into your event planning will help you stay one step ahead.

Organisation skills

This quality is quite literally at the root of this profession’s name. It is therefore impossible to miss it, but it is also important to remember why an organiser must remain organised. To make your event a success, you have to know how to handle dozens of things at once. This multi-tasking prowess is necessary both to plan in the medium-long term and to smoothly execute the plan during the event. The best organisers have flawless procedures, detailed checklists, and helpful technological tools. Working in the event industry requires having an overall view, while keeping an eye on a series of small details. To avoid overworking, learn to delegate some of the more time-consuming tasks. And if something doesn’t go as planned, don’t be afraid to move on to plan B.

Seeking Bookkeeping Assistance

The Difference between Onsite and Offsite Bookkeeping

There are two types of services a bookkeeping firm provides, Onsite and Offsite bookkeeping.

Onsite Bookkeeping is where a bookkeeper comes and works in of your office.  This is very similar to having an employee working from your office where they use your office equipment and supplies and have access to all of the required accounts and invoices they need.

Offsite Bookkeeping (also known as virtual bookkeeping) is where the bookkeeper works from their own office and are sent the appropriate documents like invoices, bills, bank statements, etc.

The main advantage of offsite bookkeeping is that it is cheaper  than onsite bookkeeping as you are not paying for the traveling time or petrol for the bookkeeper to come to you.  Some firms send their express courier service to pickup your documents. If you are a computer savvy, you can scan your documents and email or upload to their website. You can also fax your documents. While sending large number of invoices, bills and statements by email or fax certainly look more time consuming, these methods are good when you only need to send one or two documents, like a missing invoice, or the bank statement etc.

Another important thing to remember is to make sure you know what software your bookkeeping firm uses. Although we all like bookkeepers with several years or even decades of experiences, they might be using software that is outdated or almost outdated. At the time of writing this article, QuickBooks and Simply Accounting are two most popular software that most bookkeepers are using.

Why is Bookkeeping Important for Your Business?

If you’re a person who owns or is starting up a business, but doesn’t have a bookkeeper, you may find yourself struggling to deal with all of your finances down the road. Keeping track records and accounts of your daily business affairs can take up a lot of time in your already busy schedule. Bookkeepers will be able to take the stressful load off of your shoulders.

An onsite bookkeeper might work best for you if you are hoping to talk with someone face-to-face and you would like to meet them in person, so you know who is handling your records. An offsite bookkeeper might be more suitable if you require consistent and efficient virtual Bookkeeping Services Parramatta services at an affordable rate. Whichever type of bookkeeping meets your needs, Business Adviser is a good resource if you are struggling or need help managing the finances of your business.

Which Option is Best for My Business?

When deciding on what type of bookkeeper you’d like to hire for your business, it’s best to ask yourself these important questions:

How many hours do you need your bookkeeper to work each week?

Do you prefer communicating through emails or discussing finances in person?

Do you have the time to sit with a bookkeeper on a weekly or monthly basis?

One benefit you’ll receive regardless of the type of bookkeeping service you choose is the ability to save time and money by having a bookkeeper manage and organize your expenses. Making the decision to switch to outsourced bookkeeping is a great investment. We offer custom bookkeeping and accounting services in order to better suit the client. If you’d like remote services but prefer monthly reports in person we can find a way to accommodate you. Other options we include are custom payroll services in order to match the size of your business with the amount of work that needs to be done.

Bookkeeping Services Explained

1. Accounts Payable:

Accounts payable is the process of tracking expenses. When a bookkeeper is handling your books it’s important they record invoices and make on-time payments to vendors. A good bookkeeper will thoroughly examine all invoices to avoid any overcharges, fraudulent activity or unjustified fees. In order to avoid any late fees we make sure all bills are paid in a timely manner and help maintain good relationships with all vendors.

2. Accounts Receivable:

This process involves tracking the sales side of the business. How can a bookkeeper help with accounts receivable? Hiring a bookkeeper to manage your accounts receivable will help you properly track sales, create invoices and record fulfilled payments to your account. For some businesses, invoices can be a timely process, requiring many important details, others simply add the product or service and send it over. Whether the process is complex or simple a bookkeeper can help organize sales and make sure no detail is left out.

3. Payroll:

Managing your payroll is an important task that’s vital to keeping your employees happy and complying with tax obligations. Payroll involves paying employees salaries, hourly wages, vacation, holidays, commission and bonuses. A bookkeeper can help you organize a seamless system that keeps track of part time, full time and freelance employees, making sure they’re paid accurately. If you currently have payroll policies in place MM Accounting and CFO Solutions is happy to help make sure they’re being properly followed.

4. Finance Reporting:

Whether your business is big or small financial reports can help you gauge how well your business is doing or where you may need improvements. A major benefit to hiring a bookkeeper is receiving accurate reports on balance sheets, income statements, accounts payable and receivable. Another great benefit is the ability to receive custom reports that are specific to your business. For example, if you’d like make certain the cost of a job vs. what your paying employees is accurate, we can create custom financial reports.

What is Virtual Bookkeeping?

Virtual bookkeeping allows a bookkeeper to telecommute (i.e. in the cloud) instead of physically working at a client’s office.  We could be in the same town or halfway across the world.  Aside from the work location, there is not much difference between regular bookkeeping services and a virtual arrangement.

Differences Between a Virtual and Traditional Bookkeeper

A Virtual Bookkeeper does all the things a traditional part time bookkeeper does.  There are two primary differences between them.  First, a Virtual Bookkeeper works remotely.  The other difference is that a Virtual Bookkeeper is trained to use specific software and processes to manage financial transactions.  Traditional bookkeepers tend to work on site and use the company’s current systems. 

Considerations When Commercial Electrical Remodel A Kitchen

Things Your Electrician Wants You to Know

Almost every home uses electric service to one degree or another. And sooner or later, something is going to go wrong with your home’s electrical system. Whether you’re looking to add a light fixture or run rough electric for an addition, here are a few key facts that your electrician wishes you knew.

Don’t Ignore Warning Signs

The most important thing any electrician wants you to do is to never, ever ignore the warning signs that indicate problems in your electrical system. Whether it’s a popping noise from an outlet, a light switch that runs extremely hot, or a breaker that won’t reset, when you have an electrical issue, it’s important that you take it seriously.

Understand GFCI

One of the most common service calls electricians get is about what appears to be a failure in a bathroom circuit. By code, all outlets within 6 feet of a water source are required to be protected by a ground fault circuit interrupt (GFCI). These are important safety devices that cut off power if a circuit is losing amperage, so GFCIs are most commonly seen in bathrooms and exterior outlets. The thing that your electrician wants you to remember is that a single GFCI device protects everything else “downstream” on that circuit. Because bathrooms are often not on an isolated circuit, that means a triggered GFCI will kill the power to outlets and lights that may seem unrelated. And things can be even more confusing when the GFCI is installed at the electrical breaker box itself.

Overhead Power Lines are Live!

Overhead lines are normally NOT insulated. When you see birds or squirrels on them, they are only alive because they aren’t completing a circuit by touching the ground or offering the current an easier path than following the cable itself.

Know Your DIY limits

The DIY mind-set is wonderful thing. It’s a great way to learn about your home and develop your skills and self-reliance. But, it’s just as important to know the boundaries and limitations of your skills. If you are a DIY newbie, a good rule of thumb is to only work on electrical components that are outside of the wall. As you develop your skills as an amateur electrician, you can do more advanced work, including fishing cable and adding outlets (so long as your local building department allows it). The problem arises when DIY enthusiasts who have more enthusiasm than experience tackle an electrical project, and then bury their less than perfect work behind a layer of drywall.



As a registered electrician or contractor, you can submit work requests online using the Residential Rewire Form if the work request meets all of the following guidelines:

Point of attachment to the building remains the same

Service is 200 amps or less

One meter is involved

Premise is a single family dwelling

Meter is outside

Building heating source is something other than electric

You can also track the work activity on your specific work requests. In your personalized folder, you can quickly find information on submitted, assigned and co Electrical Inspectors conducts business with a set of approved Electrical Inspectors. These inspectors should have been provided with an initial User ID and Password. If you are an Electrical Inspector approved, you can use the online system to submit your inspection findings and wiring approvals. If you are not approved, you cannot use our online system, but if you would like to be considered as a approved electrical inspector, you can provide completed work requests.


conducts business with a set of approved Electrical Inspectors. These inspectors should have been provided with an initial User ID and Password. If you are an Electrical Inspector approved, you can use the online system to submit your inspection findings and wiring approvals. If you are not approved, you cannot use our online system, but if you would like to be considered as a approved electrical inspector, you can provide your information on the online form and a representative will contact you with further details and instructions.


Learn more through our online Electric Service Installation Rules outlining overhead service drop installation, underground service drop installation, conversion from overhead to underground and transformed service. Learn more about the Underground Residential Development requirements for new Residential Underground Home Developments.

Advertising Tips for Electricians

For an electrician, roofer, locksmith, or contractor, PPC might as well stand for party planning company… Why would people in small service-based trades like these be familiar with pay-per-click advertising? They may not have grown up with the internet, and they certainly did not attend school to become digital advertisers. They more likely attended a trade school to master the jobs they do now. Their priorities are fixing your pipes, repairing your roofs, and ensuring your televisions are installed properly.

I recently had the pleasure of speaking with WordStream customer William Rusch, who refers to himself as the “master electrician” of Charleston Electric, a family-run electrician business in Charleston, South Carolina, that’s grown substantially in their last five years in operation. William is actually far too modest because he does much more than practice his craft of electrician; William is the founder of Charleston Electric, and also runs the company’s marketing campaigns, and is responsible for bringing in new clients to keep the business running. This of course includes paid search.

Marketing and Advertising Challenges Faced by Tradesmen

When William and I discussed some of the challenges he’s faced while running online ad campaigns through Google Ads (AdWords) while also running his electrician business, two in particular stood out

Allocating Your Online Ad Budget Properly

The world of Google Ads is not an easy one to navigate. There’s campaigns, ad groups, keywords, match types, negative keywords, ads, extensions, mobile ads, bidding, budgeting, and the list goes on. As an electrician, understanding the strategy to spend money wisely in this crazy world of paid search isn’t easy.

Having to Rely on Outside Help

When you’re in a line of work like William, your main focus is fixing the electrical issue at hand rather than advertising and marketing. This often leads to relying on outside help, which can lead to money being thrown down the drain.

How I Survived my First Year as an Electrician Apprentice

While my first year as an electrician apprentice won’t be your experience, I did find out quickly that apprentice live at the bottom. If you feel like you have one foot in the grave and another on a banana peel, you’re not alone. Apprentices are known to bear the brunt of menial tasks and going through a trial be fire.

What is it Like to Be an Apprentice Electrician?

Read through my story and you’ll gain valuable insight into what to do – and what NOT to do as a first-year electrician apprentice.

I was fortunate to begin my first days as an apprentice working for my dad. He had just finished 30 years working for Detroit Edison, our local utility provider. His love of the electrical field being so strong, he started his own electrical contracting company straight out of retirement.

I came on board as his protege. Eventually, I would earn my journeyman’s license, but that would be several years later. Reading the steps to become a licensed electrician is a good place to start your own journey.

Beginning his business literally from nothing, we worked out of a spare bedroom in his home. He had a Ford Explorer that was packed front to back with tools. One of my first tasks was to learn how everything could fit in that thing – and still have room for the two of us!

Electrical Safety Tips for Commercial Buildings

To some, a workplace may feel like a second home. It’s a place where employees form bonds and battle hardships together. Whether you’re a company CEO, a higher-up, or the owner of a commercial building, keeping your establishment a safe place for everyone will increase their productivity and give you peace of mind as well.

Keep an eye on damaged outlets.

Wall outlets, otherwise known as receptacles, are also susceptible to normal wear and tear, especially if a commercial space utilizes several electrical appliances to operate. Your receptacles have neutral, hot, and ground connections.

Replace frayed cords from commercial appliances.

Worn or frayed cords are also fire-starters. When a cable is frayed, the protective layer exposes the stripped wires which hold the electrical current.

Avoid extension cords as much as possible.

Extension cords can be the go-to for most establishments. However, using extension cords quite often may lead to fires or electric shocks. An extension cord may not be able to handle excess current, especially if it’s fully loaded.

Install designated circuit breakers.

Commercial appliances vary in watt usage. The types of appliances will depend on the kind of establishment. However, the most commonly-used commercial appliance is a floor-mounted air conditioner. Floor standing air conditioners usually consume about 6,000 watts. On the other hand, desktops consume around 250 watts, and an average CFL bulb consumes about 15 watts.

Commercial Truck Tires For assortment of Tasks

SEnuke: Ready for action

Commercial truck tires are not just for ordinary driver. They are designed especially for class 6 – 8 trucks, based on the GVWR or gross vehicle weight rating in excess of 26,000 pounds or 13 tons. Usually this means at least three axles as well. Such vehicles are used in the general public sector, construction, Nextroad D79 mining, and also forms of industry. Distinct are these the biggest tires made, with diameters 25 inches or larger, but they are differentiated in their design dependant upon their placement on automobile.

Slightly different specialty tires may be applied for steerage, driving, and trailer transporting. The normal driving conditions for the18 wheeler will also determine the sort of tire chosen. Great distance hauling become different than regional traffic with stops and starts and a turning. Construction sites and off-road hauling present another set of requirements for properly working tires. Truck owners can today have a variety of choices in the quality and specificity in the tires prefer to to use on their buses. Companies such as Continental, Cooper, Firestone, Toya, and Bridgestone, in order to name a few, all offer these custom designed commercial truck tires.

In spite of great value quality found his tires, it continues to be the responsibility in the truck driver to check them day-to-day. A huge majority from the accidents upon the road today involve commercial vehicles and tire blow-outs can regularly be avoided by regular problems. Before driving the truck more than just a mile, in the start of every new day, each tire should be investigated for inflation and air pressure. By working with a properly calibrated tire gauge, an exact reading could be taken. Of course, in case the gauge is dropped, it to be reset or replaced for correct multimeter. Thumping the tire does not work properly and isn’t a true reflection of air pressure within the tire. A brief but thorough hands-on inspection across the treads for chips and chunks completes the daily maintenance plan. Everyone would agree that a few minutes of precaution out-weighs the danger of accident and injury.

Commercial truck tires are rolling constantly on calories from fat than 14 million miles of roads in planet. Whether they decide to the long hauls across country, bussing residents around their city, transporting local goods, or lugging ore and boulders across construction sites, the longevity and safety of the tire has much to do with the actual way it is chosen for the job as well as how it is maintained. Fortunately, it may have a second life for a retread then get years really service yet to have.